25. 8. 2018         

Chronic Diseases Prevention Review (Online ISSN: 2158-0820)

Current Issue

Vol.2 No.8

Article: Ginseng: a potentially effective Tcm for Alzheimer’s disease
by  Na Li, Yuan Liu, Wenhao Yan, Xin Sui, Hui Li, Xiaohua Li, Xiaozheng Shi, 
      Qing Yang, Jiaming Sun, Xingcheng Lan, Xijun Chen, Xiaobo Qu, Jianan Lin, Dianjun Sui
Chronic Diseases Prevention Review 2018 2(8) 1-4; published online 25 August  2018
Abstract:  Aging is a serious problem which is challenging the entire human race. With the longer life of people, more and more people are suffering from Alzheimer’s disease (AD), which is suffering from not only for the patients themselves but also for the society. To be the king herb of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), ginseng had been used as a treatment for dementia with a long history. Based on the traditional effect of “Reinforcing Intelligence” of ginseng, we reorganized the literatures and references about ginseng on the treatment of AD.

Open Access Download (free) PDF

Article: The antioxidant activity and free radical scavenging potential of different solvent extracts of Dongzao jujube
by Haoyue Ding, Yingfen Hu, Li Ma, Yanyan Li, Xin Liang
Chronic Diseases Prevention Review 2018 2(8) 5-12; published online 25 August 2018
Abstract: The total flavone content and antioxidant activities of EtOH, EtOAc, BuOH and water extracts of the Dongzao jujube (Zizyphus jujuba Mill. cv. Dongzao) were measured. Total flavone content was assessed by the spectrophotometry whereas antioxidant activities were assessed by measuring the ability of the extracts to scavenge the DPPH•, hydroxyl radicals and superoxide anion radicals, the ability to reduce ferric ions as well as inhibition capability of lipid peroxidation and erythrocyte hemolysis. The results indicated that all the extracts had activity dose-dependent in DPPH radical, superoxide anion radical, hydroxyl radical scavenging systems and reducing power activity assay. Among these assays, the scavenging activities on superoxide anion and hydroxyl radicals of the ethanolic extract were slightly lower than those of ascorbic acid, but higher than those of tertiary butylhydroquinone (TBHQ). The ethanolic extracts showed strong antioxidant activity against the lipid peroxidation and antihemolytic activity. These results suggested that the extracts from Dongzao jujube have direct and potent antioxidant activity. It might be used as a potential plant source of antioxidants. The Dongzao jujube extract contains 3',4',7-Trihydroxyisoflavone, 4',6,7-Trihydroxyisoflavone, luteolin, 5,7-Dihydroxy flavonoids, etc.

Open Access Download (free) PDF

Article: Analysis on the change trend of college students' body mass index in Qingdao from 1999 to 2016
by Huiwen Zhang, Yingfen Hu, Yuanjie Zhang, Xiaoyang Jiang, Qing Liu
Chronic Diseases Prevention Review 2018 2(8) 13-17; published online 2 September 2018
Abstract: To understand the changing trend of body mass index of college students in Qingdao from 1999 to 2016. A survey of 1712 college students' weight and height from 1999 to 2016 was conducted. From 1999 to 2016, the height of boys was higher than 169cm, and the height of girls was higher than 161cm. The proportion of low-weight students with BMI<18.5kg/m2 increased significantly from 2008 onwards, and the proportion of overweight and obesity college students also showed an increasing trend. Except for 2002, the proportion of overweight and obesity among boys was higher than that of girls in the same period. The weight of college students in Qingdao is polarized. The proportion of low body weight, overweight and obesity increases, and the proportion of normal weight students decreases.

Open Access Download (free) PDF